• Register


WP 1 - Regional analysis

4. Regional analysis of palm-community diversity, the services they may provide, and their use as indicators of ecosystem responses to human impacts (42).


A regional overview was published in:

Balslev, H. 2011. Palm harvest impacts in north-western South America. Doi 10.1007/s12229-011-9083-y. The Botanical Review77: 370-380.


Several papers on palm services and ecosystem responses were published with partners in other WPs:

Montúfar, R., F. Anthelme · J.-C. Pintaud & H. Balslev. 2011.Disturbance and resilience in tropical American palm populations and communities. Doi 10.1007/s12229-011-9085-9. The Botanical Review 77: 426–461. (with WP2 partners Montufar, Anthelme, Pintaud).

Macía, M. J., P. J. Armesilla, R. Cámara-Leret, N. Paniagua-Zambrana, S. Villalba, H. Balslev, M. Pardo-de-Santayana. 2011. Palm uses in northwestern South America: a quantitative review. DOI 10.1007/s12229-011-9086-8. The Botanical Review 77: 462–570. (with WP3 partners Macia, Cámara-Leret, Paniagua)

Bernal, R., C. Torres, N. García, C. Isaza, J. Navarro, M. I. Vallejo, G. Galeano & H. Balslev. 2011. Palm management in South America. doi 10.1007/s12229-011-9088-6. The Botanical Review 77: 607–646. (with WP5 partners Bernal, Galeano et al.)

Garcia, N., G. Galeano, R. Bernal & H. Balslev. 2013. Management of Astrocaryum standleyanum (Arecaceae) for handicaraft production in Colombia. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 11: 085–101. (with WP5 partners Garcia, Galeano, Bernal).

WP 1 - Transect inventories

2. Transect inventories completed (24).

WP1 completed the palm transect data collection in all four involved countris. The data from the transects have all been uploaded on the GBIF web-page (see http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14087). In total 500 transects with georeferenced data on 532,939 palm records have been uploaded and are freely accessible. The location of the transects are shown on the map below taken from the GBIF web-page.

2 transects

WP 1 - Transects data

3. Transects data including potential provisional services analyzed (36).

Several papers have been produced that analyse the transect data and the potential provisional services:

Balslev, H., Knudsen, T.R., Byg, A., Kronborg, M. & C. Grandez. 2010. Traditional knowledge, use, and management of Aphandra natalia (Arecaceae) in Amazonian Peru. doi: 10.1007/s12231-009-9105-4 Economic Botany64(1): 55-67.

Eiserhardt, W. L., J.-C. Svenning, W. D. Kissling & H. Balslev. 2011. Geographical ecology of palms (Arecaceae): determinants of diversity and distributions across spatial scales. Doi 10.1093/aob/mer146. Annals of Botany108: 1391-1416.

Kristiansen, T., J.-C. Svenning, D. Pedersen, W. L. Eiserhardt, C. Grández & H. Balslev. 2011. Local and regional palm (Arecaceae) species richness patterns and their cross-scale determinants in the western Amazon. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01834.x Journal of Ecology99: 1001-1015.

Roncal, J., A. Blach-Overgaard, F. Borchsenius, H. Balslev& J.-C. Svenning. 2011.A dated phylogeny complements macroecological analysis to explain diversity patterns in Geonoma (Arecaceae). Doi 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2010.00696.x. Biotropica43(3): 324-334.

Valencia, R., Brokamp G. & Balslev H. 2013. 6. Palma de fibra: Aphandra natalia. Pp. 111-122 in: Valencia et al. (eds.), Palmas ecuatorianas: biología y uso sostenible. Publicaciones del Herbario QCA de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador.

Balslev, H., N. Paniagua Zambrana, E. Blacutt, M. Moraes R., M.J. Macía, A. Parada, Y. Inturias, Z. Perez, J. Teran, M. Aliaga Arrieta, C. A. Grandez Rios & A. Serralta. 2012. Palmas de los Leco y sus usos. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, Imprenta Team Graphics, La Paz.48 p.

Valencia R., Montúfar R., Navarrete H. & Balslev H. (eds.) 2013. Palmas ecuatorianas: biología y uso sostenible. Publicaciones del Herbario QCA, PUCE, Quito. 253 p.

WP 1 - State-of-the art report

1. State-of-the art report about palm communities in northwestern South America (12).

The principal paper under this product is:

Balslev, H., F. Kahn, B. Millan, J.-C. Svenning, T. Kristiansen, D. Pedersen, & W. Eiserhardt. 2011. Species diversity and growth forms in tropical American palm communities. Doi 10.1007/s12229-011-9084-x. The Botanical Review77: 381-425. (with input from WP2 Kahn, and Partner 7 Peru)

Several other papers have been published on the subject:

Kristiansen, T., J.-C. Svenning, C. Grández, J. Salo, & H. Balslev.2009. Commonness of Amazonian palm (Arecaceae) species: patterns, cross-scale links, and potential determinants. doi:10.1016/j.actao.2009.05.001 Acta Oecologica 35: 554-562

Balslev, H., W. Eiserhardt, T. Kristiansen, D. Pedersen & C. Grandez. 2010. Palms and palm communities in the upper Ucayali river valley – a little known region in the Amazon basin. PALMS54(2): 57-72.

Eiserhardt, W. L., S. Bjorholm, J.-C. Svenning, T. F. Rangel & H. Balslev. 2011. Testing the water-energy theory on American palms (Arecaceae) using geographically weighted regression. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027027 Plos ONE 6(11): e27027.

Eiserhardt, W. L., J.-C. Pintaud, C. Asmussen-Lange, W. J. Hahn, R. Bernal, H. Balslev & F. Borchsenius. 2011. Phylogeny and divergence times of Bactridinae (Arecaceae, Palmae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. TAXON 60: 485-498. (with input from WP2 Pintaud)

Balslev,H., Z. Pérez Durán, D. Pedersen, W. L. Eiserhardt, A. Sanjinés Asturizaga & N. Paniagua-Zambrana. 2012. Subandean and adjacent lowland palm communities in Bolivia. Ecologia en Bolivia47(1): 7-36. (with input from Partner 6 Bolivia)

Eiserhardt; W.L., J.-C. Svenning, F. Borchsenius, T. Kristiansen & H. Balslev. 2012. Separating environmental and geographical determinants of phylogenetic community structure in Amazonian palms (Arecaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 244-259.

Gomes de Freitas, C., F. R. Capellotto Costa, J.-C. Svenning & H. Balslev. 2012. Topographic separation of two sympatric palms in the central Amazon – does dispersal play a role. Doi: 10.1016/j.actao.2012.01.007 Acta Oecologica 39: 128-135 (in collaboration with external partners in Brazil)

Kristiansen, T., J.-C. Svenning, W. L. Eiserhardt, D. Pedersen, H. Brix, S. M. Kristiansen, M. Knadel, C. Grández & H. Balslev.. 2012. Environment versus dispersal in the assembly of western Amazon palm communities. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02689.x Journal of Biogeography 39: 1318-1332.

Eiserhardt, W.L., J.-C. Svenning, W.J. Baker, T.L.P. Couvreur & H. Balslev. 2012. Dispersal and niche evolution jointly shape the geographic turnover of phylogenetic clades across continents. Scientific Reports | 3: 1164 | DOI: 10.1038/srep01164. (with collaboration from Partner 5, Kew-London).

Alvarado-Segura, A.A., L.M. Calvo-Irabién, R. Duno de Stefano & H.  Balslev 2012. Palm species richness, abundance and diversity in the Yucatan Peninsula, in a Neotropical context. doi: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.2012.01593.x, Nordic Journal of Botany 30: 613–622. (a related activity in collaboration with external Mexican partners)

A good part of this product has been done through thesis projects:

Kristiansen, T. 2010. A field-based investigation of palm species abundance, distribution and richness in the western Amazon. PhD thesis at the Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark. Advisor: Henrik Balslev. 156 p.

Eiserhardt, W. L. 2011. Studies on the Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution of Palms (Arecacea) with Focus on the Americas. PhD thesis at the Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark.Advisor: Henrik Balslev. 199 p.

Laumark, P. 2012. Palm communities in Madre de Dios, Amazonian Peru. MSc thesis at the Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark. Advisor: Henrik Balslev. 80 p.

Alvarado, Segura, A. A. 2013. Patrones de Diversidad en Comunidades de Palmas (Arecaceae) en Selvas Medianas de la Peninsula de Yucatán: Determinantes Ambientales y Espaciales. PhD thesis at the Centro de investigación Científica de Yucatán (CICY), Mexico. Advisor: Luz María Calvo Irabién & Rodrigo Duno di Stefano; co-Advisor Henrik Balslev. 97 p. (as as external collaborative project in a university adjacent to our study region)


Get more info about the PALMS project


See all ten participating institutions


The project is divided into nine specific work packages Read more...